Women’s health today are at risk for many issues that can hurt their optimal functioning. Learn about 7 common women’s health issues that you can share with other women.
Know the top women’s health issues today
The women of today are more capable and liberated, compared to those of the past era. They claimed more freedom and power for themselves, have redefined gender roles and proved their fullest potential. However, in the process of fighting for equality and carving a niche for themselves, it is mostly their health that takes a toll on them. Below are 7 women’s health issues that you should be aware of. Read through them, and share them with your girl friends, mothers and daughters.
1. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
We hear about so many PMS jokes cracked by men who are not really aware of what women go thorugh. Abdominal cramps, bloating, breast tenderness or swelling, acne, constipation, muscle or joint pain, along with emotional symptoms like mood swings are just some of the symptoms that happen one or two weeks before the periods. Some women would even suffer from a very severe form of PMS called Premenstrual Dysmorphic Disorder or PMDD.
If you thought problems with menstruation end here, you are wrong. Each month, the cells of the endometrium (the womb’s inner lining) swell and get thicker, and are then shed during menstruation. Endometriosis happens when the endometrial cells grow in other areas of the body, usually in the area lining the abdominal cavity. It causes irregular bleeding and cramping pain in the pelvis that can radiate to the legs. It can even lead to infertility in some women. What makes it worse is that it might not even be your fault, as it is known to run in the family.
3. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Women with lean, agile and svelte bodies with perfect faces are admired but envied at the same time because you look nothing like them. Before you heave a sigh of relief that you are not struggling with acne, obesity and unwanted body hair like you do, know that you might be suffering from waht is usually known as polycystic ovary syndrome. Women might be leaving their traditional roles behind, but the stress buildup is only causing the hormones to go crazy. There is an increase in male sex hormones that lead to increased body hair, decreased breast size and the like. Periods are irregular and ovaries produce small, immature eggs. And if the right kind of eggs is not produced, the chances of conceiving is reduced.
Every fourth woman in the cities have fibroids today. It is mostly detected when women approach the doctor because of very heavy bleeding and pain during menstruation or if they have problems conceiving. Fibroids are not like fibrous growths in the uterus; they grow slowly and are formed in response to the female hormone estrogen. They naturally occur and sometimes shrink after menopause because of the lack of the hormone in the body. Sometimes, they grow to weight several kilograms and cause pain during sexual intercourse, urinary urgency, frequent urination and even infertility.
5. Vaginal Infections
If you have redness or itching around your vagine, abnormal and smelly discharge, burning sensation during urination and pain during intercourse, you could have vaginitis, which is an inflammation or infection of the vagina. Some women might not have any symptoms. Creams, tight clothing, extreme illness, sexual activity, douching and fecal contamination, among others, can disrupt the normal bacterial environment of the vagina and cause vaginitis. Vaginal yeast infections can be treated with OTC creams and suppositories, and bacterial vaginosis with antibiotics.
6. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
Women have shorter urethras compared to men, allowing for the easy upward movement of germs to their bladders. Urinary tract infection affects the urinary tract and is usually seen among women than men. The risk of UTI increases during menopause. Cystitis refers to the lower urinary tract infection, while pyelonephritis is the upper urinary tract infection. In uncomplicated cases, urinary tract infections can be easily treated with antibiotics. UTI is mostly caused by E. coli bacteria, and the infection can be fungal or viral.
With the demands of career, family and other activities, women mostly feel tired every day. But if you feel tired before the day has started, or if you skin is pale, or if you have brittle nails, chances are that you are anemic and your blood lacks red blood cells. A low RBC count means decreased oxygen-carrying hemoglobin count that leads to low oxygen in the blood, making you feel exhausted, irritable and dizzy. Swollen, smooth and painful red tongue, sore and pale mouth and fissures or cracks at the corners of the mouth are other signs. Blood loss from menstruation, deficiencies in certain vitamins because of poor eating habits and increased blood supply demand during pregnancy can cause anemia.
The purpose of this article on issues on women’s health is not to scare women. This is an effort to make you understand common women’s health risk so you can take simple lifestyle changes and preventive measures. This can go a long way in keeping the diseases above at bay. It is time that you start caring for yourself. Remember that women’s health is in women’s hands. Contact your health care provider to answer your other women’s health questions.